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Week 8: Prepositions and 3rd Declension

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and the light shineth in the darkness
et lux in tenebris lucet

     So this week in Essentials we're tackling the compound structure, interrogative purpose, S-Vt-DO pattern, and prepositions/prepositional phrases. This is somewhat of a review so I'll approach this week with questions leading to discussion.
1. What words are used to make a compound sentence compound? Refer to Chart H and tell me all the similarities between the different types of conjunctions. Now tell me what makes them different. Where are they found in the sentence? What type of punctuation is used for the different types?
What conjunctions are we learning in Latin? (purple book page 93) Where in the sentence do we find these words? What do they connect? What are the conjunctions in our Latin scripture verse? How do they translate?
2. How do we change a declarative sentence to an interrogative sentence in English? Does each way mean the same thing? When would you use one way instead of another?
How do we ask…

Week 7: Appositives, Verb Mood, Noun of Direct Address, Adverbs

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In Him was life and His life was the light of men
In ipso vita erat et vita erat lux hominum


     I'm working hard to bring Latin to our English Grammar lessons, so we're ready to learn a little bit about appositives, verb mood, noun of direct address, and adverbs. As we do this, I'm keeping it very elementary and learning this Latin right along with my daughter. Here come the Five Common Topics again.
Appositives (EEL guide page 120, OMT lesson 15, Henle lesson 3.4 page 38) - Definition
In English, an appositive is a noun or pronoun placed directly beside another noun in order to further explain or identify it. In Latin, it also is a noun which is in apposition to the noun it explains. (I love learning new words!)
ap·po·si·tion
ˌapəˈziSH(ə)n/ noun 1. technical the positioning of things or the condition of being side by side or close together. 2. GRAMMAR a relationship between two or more words or phrases in which the two units are grammatically parallel and have the same referen…

Week 6: Compound Sentences, Conjunctions, S-Vt-DO

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and without him nothing was made that was made
et sine ipso factum est nihil quod factum est

     This week's EEL lesson covers compound sentences, conjunctions, and the S-Vt-DO pattern. After working through this lesson, I'll give Mary a 6-week evaluation test based on the example found on page 109 of the guide. It's good for both of us to stop and make sure that it's all sinking in and solidifying.
     Our Mother Tongue has three great lessons that we'll cover this week. Lesson 7 goes into coordinating, correlative, and subordinate conjunctions, Lesson 21 talks about the direct object, and Lesson 34 explains when to use who, whom, and whose.

     I'll remind Mary that quod (because) is a subordinate conjunction. In English, we can begin a sentence with because, but in Latin quod can never begin a sentence and is used as a subordinate conjunction connecting a subordinate clause to an independent clause. When I was in school, we weren't allowed to begin a…

Week 5: Interrogative Purpose, Linking and Helping Verbs, Predicate Nominative

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All things were made through Him
Omnia per ipsum facta sunt
     I'm trying to get a consistent order as to how I approach these lessons. I always want to start by reviewing the lesson in the EEL and the charts and diagramming. Since we're looking at the interrogative purpose and the use of interrogative pronouns, we'll work through lessons 35 and 36 in OMT. I like these exercises and will do them orally.

     We know that a declarative sentence can be changed to an interrogative sentence in English several different ways.
1. Use a helping verb at the beginning of the sentence. Burr shot Hamilton in a duel. Did Burr shoot Hamilton in a duel?  We'll review Chart C and this catchy pattern to memorize helping verbs.
To be verbs: 
to be, am are, is
was, were, being, been
Three rhyming pairs:
can, could
shall, should
will, would
Three threes:
has, have, had
do, does, did
may, might, must
2. Replace the subject with an interrogative pronoun. Who shot Hamilton? (Chart F)
3. Inv…

Week 4: Indirect Object/Dative Case, Prepositions

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 This was with God in the beginning.
Hoc erat in principio apud Deum
     Essentials is slowing done and analyzing specific parts of English Grammar. After reading through the lesson, we'll quickly read about Interjections in Our Mother Tongue: Lesson 8 and then concentrate on understanding charts A-F. Our fantastic Essentials tutor has each student copying these charts in a spiral notebook. She has set a class goal at 300 copied by week 11. If they achieve this goal, the class will have a cupcake party. Mary is copying like crazy. Isn't it funny how something small can be so motivating?
     Our Latin study moves to Lesson 2:3—the dative case. Using Essentials Chart E, we see that this is when the noun job is that of an indirect object. Since Mary has had this before, she'll review what she knows about an IO in English. (definition) 1. It is always a noun or pronoun. 2. It's always located between the verb and the direct object.  3. It tells to whom, for whom, to what,…

Week 3: Nouns and Pronouns

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and the Word was God
et Deus erat verbum

This is the week that the EEL lessons start getting seriously fun. I have an enlarged, laminated Analytic Task chart that my daughter enjoys using. We'll get back in the swing of using this several times a week. My plan is to select a few sentences from what she is reading this week for her to parse, diagram, and play with.

In Our Mother Tongue, we'll read and talk about Lesson 1: Nouns, Lesson 5: Pronouns, and Lesson 10: Kinds of Sentences. I'll make sure that she knows the different types of sentences and can distinguish them in her reading and we'll talk about which pronoun case to use. In my neck of the words, even educated people use an objective pronoun as the subject of a sentence. I don't want to be a snob or anything, but this just isn't right and is something that is so easy to correct. We're giving our children a gift by instilling the habit of using correct Grammar.

On a side note...
Do you know that nomen

Week 2: Verbs

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and the Word was with God
et Verbum erat apud Deum

     The first thing on our agenda for this week is to review the eight parts of speech. In both English and Latin, words are grouped together as to how they are used in a sentence. In order to know the correct Latin equivalent for an English word, we have to understand and be able to identify its part of speech. I found in directing Challenge B that many students had trouble with this part and that's a problem in learning Latin (or English Grammar.)
     Our English Grammar takes us deep into verbs this week and so we'll concentrate on Latin verbs as well. I suppose that the word verb comes from verbum because it may be the most important word in the sentence.

     Using Chart C, we'll talk about both English and Latin verb types. No matter what type of verb, it must be the same in person and number as the subject—even the to be verbs. Rule #346 gives the present tense conjugation of to be. These linking verbs act exactly …